Bandarban: South-Eastern Bangladesh

Bandarban is a beautiful place of the three Hill District of Bangladesh situated at South-Eastern Bangladesh and a part of Chittagong Division. It is the Headquarter of Bandarban District.

Bomang Chief Mr. U Chaw Pru is the Head of Bomang Circle. Under the Bomang Circle there are more that fifteen ethnic minorities living in the district beside the Bengalis including Marma, Mro, Murong, Bawm, Khyang, Tripura, Lushei, Khumi, Chak, Kuki, Chakma, Tanchangya, Riyang, Usui and Pankho.

Bandarban

Festivals

In Marma community the most two favorite Festivals are:  Raj Punnyah & Sangrai:

Raj Punnyah :It is ceremonial rite of paying tribute and taxes (khazna) to the king of Bohmang circle. At that time three days village fair occurs.

Sangrai: it also another festival of the Marma community. The three wards that is – Boisuk of Tripura Sangrai of Marma and Biju of Chakma known as- Boi-Sa-Bi. In 14th April, this celebration of the New Year falls around the same time as Bengali Naba Barsha. Apart from the songs and dances Sangrai is marked by the water festival, boat racing, local wrestling (boli khela) and magic charm competitions. Water festival is a game of splashing water from two sides of a marked arena by unmarried boys and girls on each other. Unmarried are also join separately.

There are many peaks in Bandarban district. The three highest peaks of Bangladesh – are Tahjindong (1280 meters), Mowdok Mual (1052 meters), and Keokradong (883 meters) – are located at Ruma side in Bandarban district,

There are so many lake around Bandarban,

  • Raikhiang Lake, the highest lake in Bangladesh.
  • Boga Lake (12000 ft), ☎ 12222. A beautiful lake surrounded by high hills and a small village just beside the lake.
  • Shoilo Propat at Milanchari, 4 km from the town on the road to Thanchi.
  • Prantik Lake, Jibannagar and Kyachlong Lake are some more places of interest.

Other Turist Spots are: MeghlaNilachal, Nil Giri and Chimbuk Hill 

Tribal people are also fallow Buddhism. In Bandarban the two largest temple Raj Vihar and Ujanipara Vihar (Khyanwa Kyangdagree & Khyanphya Kyang as marma language) is also a major place of interest.

Buddha Dhatu Jadi. Constructed in 2001, located at Balaghata, 4 km from the town, is one excellent place to visit locally known as ‘Swarna Mandir’. This Buddhist temple (‘Swarna Mandir’) is on the top of 60 meter hill, is made completely in the style of South-East Asia and houses a sacred relic and the second largest statue of Buddha in Bangladesh.

It is less possible to stay at one of the numerous government rest houses, specially in travel seasons. Well known and famous Rest House is Hill Top Rest House, Circuit House, Forest Department rest House, Roads and Highways Department Rest House and there are so many Public Resort in Bandarban City.

In Bandarban Town itself there are numerous inexpensive hotels. The most prominent are as follows:

  • Night Heaven near Meghla.
  • Hill Side Resort, Milonchari., 
  • Holiday Inn, Near Meghla., 
  • Hotel Four Star, Near DC office, VIP road., 
  • Parjatan Motel, Near Meghla., 
  • Bilkis Hotel, At the traffic ”Moor” junction. 
  • Jamal Boarding, between the Pouroshabha (municipality) and the Press Club., 
  • Prue Abashika, Near the ”pouroshabha” (municipality) at Bandrban Bazaar., 
  • Hotel Green Hill, at Press Club building,
  • Hotel Hill Bird, Bandarban Bazaar., 
  • Hotel Royal, At Marmabazaar.
  • Paharikia Guest House, ChimbulkRoad, Hafez Ghona., 
  • Purabi Hotel, near traffic ”Moor” junction, 

There are three ways to go to Bandarban. The easiest is a direct bus ride from Dhaka which takes 6 hours. The few services available are Dolphin at Kalabagan, Unique service, Shyamoli Paribahan at Gabtali, Asad gate, Fakirerpul, Kamlapur, Saydabad and S Alam at Kamalapur. To Chittagong goes bus in every half hour Tk. 110/130. To Dhaka goes direct bus at 9:15am and 9:15pm Tk. 620

There are a few services available that offer a bus ride from Chittagong which takes 2 hours (the most available is Purbani/Purbani at Bahaddarhaat Bus Terminal). To reach Chittagong from Dhaka there are three options – taking a flight (Bangladesh Biman, United Airways, Regent Air, or Novo Air etc.), a bus ride (Sohag is undoubtedly the best service, available at Kalabagan and Mahakhali) or a train ride from Kamalapur (Turna Nishitha, Mahanagar Godhuli and Subarna).

Purbani Bus Srvice, Phone: 01820412800 (Chittagong), 0361-62508 (Bandarban)

How to Lose Weight FAST: 3 Simple Steps, Based on Science

There are many ways to lose a lot of weight fast.

However, most of them will make you hungry and unsatisfied.

If you don’t have iron willpower, then hunger will cause you to give up on these plans quickly.

 The plan outlined here will:

  • Reduce your appetite significantly.
  • Make you lose weight quickly, without hunger.
  • Improve your metabolic health at the same time.

Here is a simple 3-step plan to lose weight fast.

Cut Back on Sugars and Starches

The most important part is to cut back on sugars and starches (carbs)

When you do that, your hunger levels go down and you end up eating much fewer calories.

Now instead of burning carbs for energy, your body stars feedding off of stored fat.

Another benefit of cutting carbs is that it lowers insulin levels,

Causing your kidneys to shed excess sodium and water out of your body. This reduces bloat and unnecessary water weight.

  • Eat Protein, Fat and Vegetables

  Each one of yours meals should include a protein source, a fat source and low-carb vegetables.

 Constructing your meals in this way will automatically bring your carb intake into the recommended range of 20-50 grams per day.

Protein sources

  • Meat: Beef, chicken, lamb, etc.
  • Fish and Seafood: Salmon, trout, shrimp, etc.
  • Eggs: Whole eggs with the yolk are best.

              The importance of eating plenty of protein cannot be overstated.

              This has been shown to boost metabolism by 80 to 100 calories per day. High protein diets can also reduce carvings and obsessive  thoughts about food by 60%, reduce the desire for late-night snacking by half,and make you so full that you automatically eat 441 fewer calories per day.

Low-Carb Vegetables

  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Spinach
  • Tomatoes
  • Kale
  • Cabbage
  • Lettuce, etc.

Don’t be afraid to load your plate with these low-carb vegetables. You can eat massive amounts of them over 20-50 net carbs per day. A diet based mostly on meat and vegetables contains all the fiber, vitamins and minerals you need to be healthy.

Dengue Fever & It’s Symptoms

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus.[1] Symptoms typically begin three to fourteen days after infection.[2] This may include a high feverheadachevomitingmuscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash.[1][2]Recovery generally takes two to seven days.[1] In a small proportion of cases, the disease develops into severe dengue, also known as  hemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleedinglow levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome, where dangerously low blood pressure occurs.[1][2]

Dengue is spread by several species of female mosquitoes of the Aedes type, principally A. aegypti.[2][1] The virus has five types;[7][8]infection with one type usually gives lifelong immunity to that type, but only short-term immunity to the others.[1] Subsequent infection with a different type increases the risk of severe complications.[1] A number of tests are available to confirm the diagnosis including detecting antibodies to the virus or its RNA.[2]

Dengue Vaccine

A vaccine for dengue fever has been approved and is commercially available in a number of countries.[4][9] The vaccine is only recommended in those who have been previously infected.[10] Other methods of prevention include reducing mosquito habitat and limiting exposure to bites.[1] This is happening by getting rid of or covering standing water and wearing clothing that covers much of the body.[1] Treatment of acute dengue is supportive and includes giving fluid either by mouth or intravenously for mild or moderate disease.[2] For more severe cases, blood transfusion may be required.[2] About half a million people require hospital admission every year.[1] Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is recommended instead of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) . Due to an increased risk of bleeding from NSAID use.[2][11][12]

Dengue

Dengue has become a global problem since the Second World War and is common in more than 110 countries, mainly in Asia and South America.[13][14] Each year between 50 and 528 million people are infected and approximately 10,000 to 20,000 die.[5][6][15][16]The earliest descriptions of an outbreak date from 1779.[14] Its viral cause and spread were understood by the early 20th century.[17]Apart from eliminating the mosquitos, work is ongoing for medication targeted directly at the virus.[18] It is classified as a neglected tropical disease.[19]

Rover Scouts Type and You Need to Know About.

Rover Scouts is a worldwide non-political social working base youth movement. The world’s many countries have scout activities. British military Lieutenant-General Lord Baden-Powell (February 22, 1857 – January 8, 1941) is the founder of the Scout Movement. After independent Bangladesh became a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement on July 1, 1974.

Types of Scouts – Rover Scouts You Need to Know About

Type of Scout:

  • Cub Scouts – ages 6 to 11
  • Scouts – ages 11 to 17
  • Rover Scouts – ages 17 to 25

Cub Scouts:

Scouting for young children usually between 5 to12 years, and it’s depending on the national organization. Cub Scouting is a wonderful program that provides a safe and FUN way to learn some new skills and have great experiences! some of the exciting activities of Cub Scouts listed below!

Sports: Healthy and physically fit are important parts of Scouting too!  Many children of Scout are involved in sports or activities at school. And they enjoy it. Following sports:

  • Baseball
  • Basketball
  • Bowling
  • Flag Football
  • Hockey
  • Kickball
  • Skateboarding
  • Soccer
  • Softball
  • Swimming

Safe Instruction: Archery and BB Gun Shooting are some of the most exciting ways that Scouts get at Council or District run events.  Each of these activities is designed to be safe with proper and experienced adult supervision.

New Friends: Scouting involves working together, which leads to the best creation of friendships that will last a lifetime.  Many children of Scout become Cub Scouts together and grow and learn all the way through high school as they work together first in a den and then in Scouts BSA as a patrol.

Scouts :

Scouts are for boys who are at least 11 years old and not older than 17. Ninety-five percent of Scouts participated in the Cub Scouts when they were younger. The original intent of the Scouts, as stated in the articles of incorporation, was to teach patriotism, courage, self-reliance and kindred values, etc. This mission has been updated over the years. The current mission of the Scouts is: to prepare young people to make ethical choices over their lifetimes by instilling in them the values of the Scout Oath and Law. and they learn members develop leadership skills and teach others while pursuing specialized skills.

Rover Scouts:

Rover Scouting is a service program associated with Scouting for young men and, in the world’s many countries, women, into their early 20s. A Rovers group is called a ‘Rover Crew’. The program of Rover Scouts is one of leadership and service among older youth/young adults. the Crews are expected to do service and leadership work as part of their program. The highlight of their program is a “quest”, which intended as a large outdoor service work or project. In many ways, it corresponds to the work done by various service groups, clubs, as well as Alpha Phi Omega and a college service fraternity based on scouting principles.


Scout Law:

  • A Scout is loyal.
  • A Scout’s duty is to be useful and to help others.
  • A Scout is a friend to all and a brother to every other Scout.
  • A Scout is courteous.
  • A Scout is a friend to animals.
  • A Scout obeys orders of his parents, Patrol Leader or Scoutmaster without question.
  • A Scout smiles and whistles under all difficulties.
  • A Scout is thrifty.
  • A Scout is clean in thought, word, and deed.

Human service of scout:

Rover Scout

The main comment is to provide service. The fundamental think of scout is to provide service. the service may be in various forms. The forms of service one self-service, social services, and the man service.

Self-service means self-relatability is to ready himself as a good personality with the quality of self-reliance. Because a man who is not self-reliable cannot provide service to others and it’s also not possible for him to do any social big concern scouts do ready himself with quality of big thinking of social service and with this they work for general peoples, every scout also thinks for his family besides social service. As a family member, they maintain family responsibilities proper respect to the creator, respect to religion and religious institutions and to be kind to god’s every creation is the ideal of a scout.

They also help in national work. Like 16 December,21 February, traffic week, flood problem solves, etc.

How to Lose Weight Fast: 3 Simple Steps, Based on Science

How to Lose Weight FAST: 3 Simple Steps, Based on Science

There are many ways to lose a lot of weight fast.

However, most of them will make you hungry and unsatisfied.

If you don’t have iron willpower, then hunger will cause you to give up on these plans quickly.

 The plan outlined here will:

  • Reduce your appetite significantly.
  • Make you lose weight quickly, without hunger.
  • Improve your metabolic health at the same time.

Here is a simple 3-step plan to lose weight fast.

  1. Cut Back on Sugars and Starches

The most important part is to cut back on sugars and starches (carbs)

When you do that, your hunger levels go down and you end up eating much fewer calories.

Now instead of burning carbs for energy, your body starts feeding off of stored fat.

Another benefit of cutting carbs is that it lowers insulin levels,

Causing your kidneys to shed excess sodium and water out of your body. This reduces bloat and unnecessary water weight.

  • Eat Protein, Fat and Vegetables

  Each one of your meals should include a protein source, a fat source, and low-carb vegetables.

 Constructing your meals in this way will automatically bring your carb intake into the recommended range of 20-50 grams per day.

Lose Weight

Protein sources

  • Meat: Beef, chicken, lamb, etc.
  • Fish and Seafood: Salmon, trout, shrimp, etc.
  • Eggs: Whole eggs with the yolk are best.

              The importance of eating plenty of protein cannot be overstated.

              This has been shown to boost metabolism by 80 to 100 calories per day. High protein diets can also reduce cravings and obsessive thoughts about food by 60%, reduce the desire for late-night snacking by half, and make you so full that you automatically eat 441 fewer calories per day.

Low-Carb Vegetables

  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Spinach
  • Tomatoes
  • Kale
  • Cabbage
  • Lettuce, etc.

Don’t be afraid to load your plate with these low-carb vegetables. You can eat massive amounts of them over 20-50 net carbs per day. A diet based mostly on meat and vegetables contains all the fiber, vitamins and minerals you need to be healthy.

CLIMATE CHANGE and their prevention and solution

Climate change is the average state of the atmosphere near the earth’s surface over a long span of refers to many elements including temperature, precipitation, humidity, air pressure, wind movement, and direction. The geographical location (latitude coastal or continental position) and physical settings (e.g. mountains) influence the climate of any country. Bangladesh extends from 20’34’N to 26’38’N latitude and from88’01’E to 92’41’E longitude. It is bordered by the Himalayas to the north and by the Bay of Bengal to the south. Time. it

As the Tropic of Cancer passes through the country, a tropical climate prevails. The influence of the monsoon wind is so strong that as a while, the climate of Bangladesh is known as a tropical monsoon climate

In brief: characteristics of a tropical monsoon climate

  • two dry seasons with a low rainfall
  • cool and dry
  • hot and dry
  • rainy season with a very high rainfall
  • high annual temperature
  • seasonal distribution of rainfall
  • high annual rainfall
  • high humidity

Seasonal Variations

The season is the climate type, at any place associated with a particular time of the year. The change of season in mainly to the change in the angle of the earth’s axis of relation to the position of the sun at a particular place

Bangladesh is called the land of six seasons. It has a tropical climate because of its physical location. The Bangladesh calendar year is traditionally divided into six seasons

  • summer
  • rainy
  • autumn
  • late autumn
  • winter
  • spring

Each season lasts on average two months, but some seasons merge into other seasons while others re short. More broadly Bangladesh has three district seasons

  • the hot and dry pre mason seasons from March to May
    • the rainy monsoon seasons from July to October
    • the cool and dry winter season from November to February

The seasons of Bangladesh regulate its economy communication trade Nd commerce art and culture and in fact the entire lifestyle of the people. The influence of the tropical monsoon climate is Cleary evident in Bangladesh during the rainy season and the cool dry winter season

Characteristics of the hot and dry pre-monsoon seasons

  • high temperature
    • the occurrence of thunderstorms

April is usually the hottest month in the country. After April increasing cloud cover lowers the temperature. Wind direction changes from time to time in this season, especially during its early part. Rainfall which takes place during his dime accounts for 10 to 25 percent of the annual total. This rainfall is caused by thunderstorm

Characteristics of the rainy monsoon seasons

  • very high humidity
  • heavy rainfall
  • long consecutive days of rainfall
  • south to southwesterly winds

The rainy seasons coincide with the summer monsoon. The rainfall of this season accounts for 70 to 85 percent of the annual total. The is caused by the tropical depression that enters the country from the Bay of Bengal

Characteristics of the cool and dry winter seasons

  • low temperature
  • cool west or northwesterly winds
  • clears skites
  • low rainfall

The average temperature in January varies from 17 in the northwesterly and northwest of the country to 20 21 in the coastal areas. The minimum temperature in the extreme northwest in, Late December and early January can be as low as 3 4

Factors which contribute to rainfall and cyclones

Monsoon rainfall

Seasonal changes in the wind direction are caused by the differential heating and cooling of landmass and oceans between summer and winter. the monsoon wind blows from the northwest in winter and from the southwest in summer.

Depression rainfall

Depression is a region of low atmospheric pressure. A depression form as warm, moist air from the tropic mixes with cold, dry polar air, producing war and cold forms. The warm air being less dense above the cold air rises above the cold air to produce the area of low pressure on the ground the rising warm air cools rapidly, condensation occurs, clouds form and rainfalls. Depression occasionally develops over the Indian ocean or in the Bay of Bengal. The timing of such depression coincides with the southwest monsoon wind. During such depression, continuous heavy rainfall occurs in Bangladesh for 7 to 10 days. At the time more than two to three weeks of rainfall may occur in Sylhet and cox bazar

Thunderstorm rainfall

Thunderstorms are tropical storms with thunder and lightning accompanied by heavy rain hail. On hot, humid days, the air near to the ground is heated up. As a result, warm moist air expands and rises rapidly. This rising air cools, condenses into water vapor, forming cumulonimbus clouds. This results in heavy rainfall. These storm clouds are usually 5 km wide and 8km high. Usually, an individual thunderstorm is just one ‘cell’ in a group of storms, which may be 30 km wide, lasting for more than five hours. A single cell storm can also become a superstorm covering an area of 50 km. This produces large hailstones, strong winds, thunder, and lightning. climate change

In Bangladesh, in early summer during March/April and late monsoon in October/November, this type thunderstorm occurs in the evening with great intensity. This is popularly known as Kale Baisakhi in the early summer and Ash shiner Johor during the late monsoon.

A cyclone is a tropical storm or atmospheric turbulence involving circular motion of winds. Technically, a cyclone is an area of low pressure where strong winds blow around a center in an anticlockwise direction in the Northern Hemisphere and a clockwise direction in the Southern Hemisphere. Cyclones occurring in the tropical regions are called tropical cyclones. The tropics can be regarded as the region lying between 30`N latitude and 30`S latitude. All the tropical seas of the earth, with the exception of the south Atlantic and southeast Pacific, give birth to this atmospheric phenomenon known as tropical cyclones. Bangladesh is a part of humid tropics, with the Himalayas on the north and the funnel-shaped coast touching the Bay of Bengal on the south. This peculiar geography of Bangladesh brings not only the life-giving monsoon but also catastrophic cyclones, nor’ wester, tornadoes and floods. The Bay of Bengal is an ideal breeding ground for tropical cyclones.climate change

Cyclones in the Bay of Bengal

The funnel-shaped coast near the Bay of Bengal very often becomes the landing ground of cyclones. The Bay cyclones also move towards the eastern coast of India, towards Myanmar and occasionally into Sri Lanka. But they cause the maximum damage when they come into Bangladesh. This is because of:

           -the low flat terrain

           -the high density of population

           -poorly built houses.

What is global warming?

One of the biggest environmental challenges that affect not only Bangladesh but also the whole world is the poem’s common climate change. Worldwide it has been observed that the temperature has been slowly increasing in the 20th century. This phenomenon is called global warming.

Cause of global warming

The main reason for global warming is the increase in the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, chiefly due to the burning of fossils fuels

Climate Change: Effects of global warming

According to the current prediction, this temperature rise will cue the polar and Himalaya ice caps to melt to a rise in the earth’s sea level of at least 2 to 3 meters by the year 2050. This will undouble cause all the low-lying delta regions of the world to be submerged and that is bad news for Bangladesh. A huge percentage of the southern part of the country is at risk of being submerged by the Bay of Bengal climate change

Possible solutions

  • Develop a better warning system, as most of the losses in life occur due to the delayed warning. There is the technology to detect a storm days before it can actually hit a particular area, but it the dissemination of the information to the people that is the delayed. the news needs to spread faster and more efficiently
  • The construction of houses in the areas can be modified so that they re more resistant to the atom surge and the strong winds. Sometimes a raised platform can be useful as this helps people to stay above the level of the water when the surge passes
  • Other measures can be taken by the =government such as the construction od sluice gates which van hold back the water. However, the cost of such a scheme is prohibited
  • It would be possible to declare the storm-affected areas as uninhabitable but management is unlikely to do so as the resources of the land are scarce in Bangladesh climate change

Floods

climate change

The folds plain ecosystem of Bangladesh covers about 80% of the total land area. During severe floods which occurs May to October, this percentage may increase considerably.

Cause of floods

Heavy rainfall in the country makes the water level to rise and case fled flood. The river has a large number of tributaries which drain finally into one channel which runs down to the sea. Often this single channel is not enough to drain water from all the tributaries and the river over lows its bank

Effects of floods

Floods cause a lot of problems for the average people. People are rendered homeless valuable property is lost and road damages. Often crops are lost Nd livestock die in the onslaught of the river water

Possible solutions

  • Giving metalogical information to the people so that they can be warned in time and evacuated to a safer place
  • And management to reduce surface runoff which includes intensive afforestation and reforestation programmed to increase the absorption of the water
  • Change the use of the land in the flood-prone areas and the planting of flood-resistant crops

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