TOURISM BANGLADESH : Bangladesh is the country of natural beauty. Rivers, coasts and beaches, archaeological sites, religious places, hills, forests, waterfalls, tea gardens surround it. The Sundarban, Historic Mosque in city of Bagerhat, Ruins of the Buddihist Vihara at Paharpur are the three world heritage sites in Bangladesh among 1007. Cox’s Bazar Beach is the longest natural sea beach in the world running 120 kilometers. To observe the beauty of nature, huge amount of domestic and foreign tourists visit the country and its tourist attraction sites thus the Tourism become growing industry of Bangladesh.
Criteria are used simultaneously in Tourism Bangladesh
Tourism is a travel for recreation, religious, leisure, family or business purposes, usually for a limited duration. Tourism can be domestic or international. Nowadays, tourism is one of the major source of income for many countries.
Three criteria are used simultaneously in order to characterize a travel as tourism:
Criteria-1: it involves a displacement outside the usual environment;
Criteria-2: the travel must occur for any purpose;
Criteria-3: only a maximal duration is mentioned, not a minimal. Tourism displacement can be with or without an overnight stay. tourism in banglades
Importance of Tourism Bangladesh
Tourism is an important driver of economic growth. Besides this, People have an opportunity to exchange culture. Tourism can earn huge amount of foreign currency. Tourism can create employment.
Impact of tourism
Tourism can bring many economic, social and environmental benefits, particularly in rural areas and developing countries. There are economic, socio-cultural and environmental key benefits of tourism.
- Economic benefit: Tourism can provide direct jobs to the community, such as tour guides and hotel housekeeping. Indirect employment is generated through other industries like agriculture, food production and retail.
- Social benefit: In addition to the revenue, tourism can bring about a real sense of pride and identity to communities. It allows them to look at their history, and community identity. This helps the local residents to maintain their tradition and culture.
- Environmental benefit: Tourism provides financial support for the conservation of ecosystems and natural resource management, making the destination more authentic and desirable to visitors.
Tourism Bangladesh Categoriz
The type of tourism depends on the reason for travel. Travel can be to destinations that are domestic or international. Based on the purpose of visit, tourism is categorized into the following:
- Leisure Tourism
Tourists, who seek break from the stress of day-to-day life, devote their holiday to rest, relaxation and refresh themselves. These tourists prefer to stay in some quiet and relaxed destination preferably at a hill resort, beach resort or island resort.
- Cultural tourism
Culture is one of the most important factors, which attract tourists to a destination.
- Family Tourism
Family tourism involves the family unit and their participation in diverse forms of tourism activity. This includes visiting one’s relatives and friends for interpersonal reasons.
- Health Tourism
Health tourism is also called as medical tourism. Today, many people travel great distances to exotic locations in search of medical treatment. in bangladesh
- Educational Tourism
The focus of the tour is visiting another country to learn about the culture, such as in Student Exchange Programs and Study Tours, organizing specialized lectures of the eminent personalities and visiting for research. tourism in bangladesh
- Business Tourism
Tourists visit a particular destination for various reasons pertaining to his work such as attending a business meeting, conferences, conventions selling products, meeting with clients.
Tourist spots in Tourism Bangladesh
Tourist spots in Bangladesh are not concentrated in any particular place. Instead, they are scattered throughout the country. Division wise, we can present the tourist spots in Bangladesh as in Table 1.
Jaflong: Jaflong is one of the best natural tourist spot in Sylhet. It is situated at the border between Bangladesh and the Indian state of Meghalaya. It is takes two hours to drive. Tourist can learn something from the lifestyle of Tribe Khasia in Jaflong.
Ratargul: Ratargul is a fresh water swamp forest situated in Sylhet by the river of Goain. The water comes here from the adjacent Goain River. The flavor of Amazon forest is available there.
Madhabkunda waterfall: This is one of the largest waterfalls in Bangladesh. It is situated in Moulvibazar District. On the way visitors can see the greenish beauty of tea garden and the hills. Rubber and lemon plantations form a beautiful landscape.
Lawacherra Rain Forest: Well-reserved forests in Bangladesh. Prime attraction of this forest is rare Chloroform tree of Asia. It is like “A Piece of Paradise”.
Patenga Sea Beaches: It is about 22 km. from Chittagong city. Besides the sea beach, you can enjoy boating and river cruise in the River Karnaphuli.
Cox’s Bazar: World longest (120 km long) beach .Winter is the season to visit the Cox’s Bazar.
St. Martins Island: St. Martins Island is the most beautiful Coral Island.
Lalmai, Moinamoti and Shalbon Bihar: They are famous historical and archeological places around Comilla city.
Rangamati: If you don’t visit Rangamati you will unable to discover a big portion of natural beauties of Bangladesh.
Khagrachari: Khagrachhari is the natural wild beauty of Bangladesh. Here visitor can visit the tribal lifestyle.
Kaptai Lake: Built in early sixties Kaptai Dam and the lake are the main attractions of Kaptai.
Bandarban: Chimbuk hill is one of the major attractions of Bandarban.
Sundarban: The Sundarban is the world largest tidal mangrove forest. The Sundarbans cover approximately 10,000 square kilometers, of which 60 percent is in Bangladesh with the remainder in India. The Sundarbans is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Kuakata: Kuakata is a panoramic sea beach located in the Patuakhali district. Kuakata has a wide sandy beach from where one can see both the sunrise and sunset.
Tourism Bangladesh Present status
The importance of tourism sector has increased overtime. In 2009-2010, 838 was allocated for tourism sector from national budget. This has been increased to 1818 in 2011-2012.
Contribution of tourism in the Bangladesh economy
According to World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) report contribution of travel and tourism to GDP (% of GDP) for Bangladesh was 4.4 %. It is forecasted to rise by 6.5% per annum to 4.7% of GDP by 2024. Notable that, total contribution consists of direct, indirect and induced contribution.